A temporary rationalization of the Jewish vacation Yom Kippur’s historical past.


Yom Kippur, which is noticed from sunset Sunday to sunset Monday, is thought of as the holiest day of the 12 months in Judaism. It’s a excessive vacation that follows Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New 12 months.

Nevertheless it’s now not precisely a “satisfied” vacation. So don’t inform somebody “Glad Yom Kippur.”

“This isn’t an afternoon of raucousness and partying,” says Becky Zobelman-Stern, the manager program officer on the Jewish Federation of Larger Los Angeles. “Yom Kippur isn’t about being satisfied. It’s about considering. It’s about self exam.”

Yom Kippur interprets from Hebrew to English as Day of Atonement. Historically, Jews spend the vacation fasting and reflecting on sins dedicated during the last 12 months.

Even supposing you’re now not Jewish, you’ll be able to recognize the vacation, and it’s certainly respectful to percentage smartly needs for your buddies and associates who do apply. 

So, what will have to you assert or write? There are some choices.

Hebrew greeting for those celebrating Yom Kippur that reads "G'mar Chatima Tova."

Hebrew greeting for the ones celebrating Yom Kippur that reads “G’mar Chatima Tova.” (Photograph: Teresa Lo)

The standard Yom Kippur greeting

“G’mar chatima tova” is the standard greeting on Yom Kippur. In English, it approach “Would possibly you be sealed within the E-book of Lifestyles.” 

In keeping with Jewish custom, one’s destiny is made up our minds on Rosh Hashanah and sealed on Yom Kippur.

“Our lives are within the stability between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur relying on how we act,” says Rabbi Andrea London of Beth Emet synagogue in Evanston, Illinois.

“The totally righteous are inscribed (within the E-book of Lifestyles) for the 12 months, the wholly evil don’t seem to be inscribed and the remainder of us wish to paintings to make amends and ensure now we have extra just right deeds than unhealthy, if we need to be sealed for every other 12 months of lifestyles,” she provides.

Rabbi Sarah Krinsky of Adas Israel Congregation in Washington, DC, says  “now not many moderns grasp this literal theology.” She’s amongst them,  however that does not prevent her from sending the message “g’mar chatima tova” for Yom Kippur.

Of observe: The “ch” sound in “chatima” isn’t pronounced just like the English phrase “chat.” As an alternative, it will have to sound extra like guttural utterance from the throat, like a backwards snore, as it comes from the Hebrew letter Chet. “G’mar hatima tov” could also be appropriate to mention.

A easy Yom Kippur greeting

“Have a very easy speedy” may sound like an unusual factor to mention, however it is “very a lot liked,” says Zobelman-Stern.

“That’s what the vacation is all about: Casting off all satisfying issues for the day so you’ll be able to repent and take account of your self,” she says.

You’ll additionally want somebody a significant speedy. Historically, individuals who apply Yom Kippur neither devour nor drink for 25 hours, except kids and the ones for whom fasting is bad. As soon as the duration of fasting ends, it is time to ruin the short with breakfast meals reminiscent of bagels and eggs dishes.

Yom Kippur greeting that works thru October

“L’shana tova” or “shana tova,” because of this “have a just right 12 months,” is a correct greeting at the Jewish New 12 months and in addition becoming to mention on Yom Kippur and throughout the vacation Sukkot, which matches from Oct. 2 to Oct. nine.

You could understand that the phrases “tova” and “chatima” are occasionally written “tovah” and “chatimah.” The ones spellings with H’s, which can be English transliterations of the Hebrew phrases, also are right kind and take account of the Hebrew letter Hei, which could have an H sound or be silent on the finish of Hebrew phrases.

Make sure to message on the proper time

Orthodox Jews and lots of different observers of Yom Kippur keep away from the use of generation right through the vacation. So if you wish to percentage a message or make a telephone name that’s spoke back forward of the day of fasting, ship it earlier than Sunday night time or after sunset Monday, after the short has been damaged.


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