Sitting in a grand room in Westminster, Erbakit Otarbay is some distance from his birthplace in Xinjiang. However he can commit it to memory by means of his scars.
“Those are from the handcuffs,” he says, appearing his wrists.
He pulls up his trouser leg.
“This scar is once they dragged me in my shackles.”
Mr Otarbay is Chinese language however ethnically Kazakh. In 2014, he emigrated to Kazakhstan along with his circle of relatives. He returned to China in 2017 and was once arrested by means of police. They took him to a room with a tiger chair – a steel seat with painful restraints for arms and legs.
“I used to be seated on a tiger chair after which they locked me in,” he says.
“Then they began wondering me: why did you progress to Kazakhstan? What was once the rationale? Who have been your neighbours while you have been residing there?
“Do you pray? Do you discuss with mosques? Why do you pay attention to the sermons?”
Mr Otarbay was once taken to a re-education camp. He was once launched after a yr however taken to some other detention centre – no longer as an inmate, however to paintings unpaid in a garments manufacturing facility constructed throughout the partitions.
“We have been made to make belt loops for trousers… we’d paintings from the early morning till sundown.”
Mr Otarbay was once in London to seem as a witness on the Uighur Tribunal in central London. The tribunal, which was once sought by means of the Global Uighur Congress, a Uighur advocacy team, is looking for to respond to whether or not China is engaging in genocide and different crimes towards humanity towards minorities, together with Uighurs, Kazakhs and others, in Xinjiang, within the northwest of the rustic.
The hearings are a “other folks’s tribunal” – it has no judicial, political or criminal energy.
However it has nonetheless infuriated China, which denies all allegations. The federal government insists that the camps – which for a very long time it denied even existed – are vocational coaching centres and a part of a programme to combat extremism.
The Chinese language executive has attacked the tribunal energetically, announcing it’s the paintings of “anti-China forces” spreading “lies and disinformation”. It has implemented sanctions to the chairman of the tribunal, Sir Geoffrey Great QC, who led the prosecution of former Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic.
And it has attempted to place force at the British executive.
This week, the Chinese language ambassador to the United Kingdom, Zheng Zeguang, mentioned: “The Chinese language executive has made solemn representations to the British executive about this. We urge them to take movements to prevent the organisers from proceeding such malicious behaviour.”
Not like China, alternatively, the federal government in the United Kingdom can’t merely ban speech it does no longer handle – a part of the explanation why the tribunal is being held in London.
And those that have escaped Xinjiang are decided to take their probability to place their testimony at the public document.
Orynbek Koksebek was once additionally born in Xinjiang and is ethnically Kazakh. He was once accused of getting twin citizenship – a criminal offense – put underneath area arrest after which despatched to a detention centre for 6 months.
Mr Koksebek was once singled out by means of the guards for punishment for his “crime”.
“4 other folks took me to the opening,” he says. “They poured water on me. Then I fainted. I believed I had died. When I used to be taken into that hollow, I believed I used to be useless.
“I believed they might bury me in that hollow.”
Speech itself is buried in Xinjiang, the place the fallacious phrases can imply detention.
The witnesses on the tribunal in London are decided to take their probability to be heard.