Justice on trial: three years after the murder of Daphne Caruana Galizia

Justice on trial: 3 years after the homicide of Daphne Caruana Galizia | International information | The Father or mother


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The homicide in Malta of the anti-corruption journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia has been headline information since a bomb exploded below the driving force’s seat of her automotive in October 2017.

Observed as a violent assault on unfastened speech in a in the past non violent EU member state, her demise induced a political earthquake that introduced down a major minister and ended in main constitutional adjustments within the former British colony.

3 years later, justice for the widower and 3 sons that Caruana Galizia left in the back of stays unsure. There were no trials, and no convictions.

3 males accused of planting the bomb is not going to face a jury till subsequent yr. They have got pleaded no longer in charge. In November, a 42-year-old taxi motive force referred to as Melvin Theuma, who claims to be a intermediary within the homicide, secured immunity from prosecution in alternate for his testimony.

In a while afterwards the top of one in every of Malta’s maximum a hit trade households, Yorgen Fenech, was once charged with setting up and financing the killing. He denies any involvement with the homicide.

In a court secure via armed guards, a Justice of the Peace has been listening to the prosecution’s compilation of proof towards Fenech. Ultimately, she is going to come to a decision whether or not he should stand trial. The millionaire has introduced his personal criminal problem, alleging the police investigation was once unfair and that the true culprits are being secure.

Over the previous couple of months, a welter of claims and counter claims had been aired all through the court docket court cases. For now, the allegations stay simply that. Not one of the proof has been examined below cross-examination, and Fenech’s defence group have no longer but been requested for his or her model of occasions.

Probably the most arguable revelations relate no longer simply to the homicide, however to alleged makes an attempt to sabotage the police investigation. Fenech himself says he was once regularly saved knowledgeable of probably the most delicate traits. And he has accused as his supply the person who was once, till the top of final yr, probably the most senior adviser to Joseph Muscat, Malta’s former top minister.

“Yorgen Fenech knew the whole thing,” claims Matthew Caruana Galizia, the journalist’s eldest son. “He was once getting a blow-by-blow account of the whole thing that was once taking place within the investigation … This can be a miracle that he’s now in custody.”

This account is in response to open pre-trial hearings and interviews with the ones with regards to the case. It’s being revealed as a part of The Daphne Venture, a global reporting collaboration that comes with the Father or mother, Forbidden Tales, Reuters and the Instances of Malta.

The taxi motive force and the millionaire

Horse racing at Malta Racing Club
Horse racing at Malta Racing Membership.
: David Levene/The Father or mother

The glamour of the Malta Racing Membership, based all through the years of British profession, has light over the generations. The stone balcony from which a tender Princess Elizabeth watched her cousin Pamela Mountbatten gallop to victory is crumbling. The thoroughbreds had been changed via trotting horses, pulling drivers on sulkies. However the game’s recognition endures.

For Theuma, as a fatherless youngster, the membership was once a 2nd circle of relatives. He began as a groom, prior to running as a scout for a bookmaker. The outdated having a bet store nonetheless stands around the boulevard from the Fenech circle of relatives stables, overpassed via their balcony with its top view of the monitor.

Fenech’s father chaired the membership, whilst Theuma labored the stands. Ultimately he arrange his personal unlicensed having a bet provider, working a well-liked black-market lotto. He and Fenech become buddies, but it surely was once no longer a dating of equals. “Melvin used to revere him,” says an acquaintance.

Theuma would run errands, fetching bread or rabbits for Sunday lunches on the Fenech ranch. In go back, he was once favoured with a profitable spot for his taxi on the Hilton lodge – one of the crucial crown jewels within the Fenech empire.


Justice on trial: 3 years after homicide of Daphne Caruana Galizia – video record

In April 2017, the cabbie has claimed, he was once given an excessively other form of job. As a part of the evidence-gathering workout being undertaken via the Justice of the Peace, Theuma has given his model of occasions. He claims he was once instructed to hunt out George Degiorgio, a person with a identified felony document, and ask him to hold out a homicide. At a cafe close to the Hilton, Theuma alleges Fenech instructed him: “I wish to kill Daphne Caruana Galizia.”

George and his brother Alfred Degiorgio, and their buddy Vincent Muscat, are looking forward to trial for planting and triggering the automobile bomb that killed the journalist. They deny the fees.

Fenech additionally denies any involvement with the homicide. An account of what he stated all through the police interrogation that adopted his arrest was once introduced to the court docket via the prosecution this summer time. Below interrogation, Fenech claimed it was once Theuma who sought out the hitmen, and Theuma who gave them the go-ahead.

The facility station

Delimara power station
Delimara energy station in Malta.
: David Levene/The Father or mother

Over 3 generations, the Fenechs have ridden the waves of recent cash rolling into Malta. Monaco-style tax breaks and no-questions-asked banking products and services are reworking the rustic right into a millionaire’s paradise.

If the Mediterranean has an equivalent to the Trump dynasty, then the Fenechs are contenders for that crown. The Hilton overlooks a yachting marina surrounded via luxurious residences, all constructed via the circle of relatives’s Tumas Crew. Subsequent door is their Portomaso tower, as soon as the tallest development at the island, with a on line casino within the basement and a VIP nightclub on the most sensible.

Singled out to take the helm at Tumas from his uncle, Fenech branched out a couple of years in the past right into a daring new three way partnership – the ElectroGas Malta energy corporate.

Additionally on the upward push all through that point was once Joseph Muscat, a charismatic younger baby-kisser who led Malta’s Labour celebration to victory in 2013. Quickly after, ElectroGas received an 18-year contract with the state to provide liquefied herbal gasoline, which is used to generate electrical energy. The facility station undertaking was once a part of a flagship Labour coverage to chop family expenses.

However there have been considerations. A sequence of bombshell revelations via Caruana Galizia, and next studies, have raised questions on whether or not contributors of Muscat’s executive supposed to obtain bribes hooked up to the ability station contract. The claims, strongly denied, are the topic of ongoing inquiries via magistrates and the police.

All over an explanation listening to in August, police stated they believed the journalist was once killed for what she would possibly expose about ElectroGas. “That’s why we are saying she was once murdered, as a result of one thing she was once going to unencumber, no longer as a result of one thing which she had already written about,” stated one of the crucial detectives at the case.

The leaks

A memorial to Daphne Caruana Galizia outside the Valletta courts of justice.
A memorial to Daphne Caruana Galizia out of doors the Valletta courts of justice.
: David Levene/The Father or mother

It was once only one week after the automobile bombing that leaks from the police investigation started, in step with Fenech. He made the allegation in December, in a separate constitutional case he has dropped at problem the equity of the police investigation and feature the lead investigator got rid of.

Fenech stated his knowledge had come from an outdated buddy who had risen to the higher echelons of Maltese politics.

A printing and recycling entrepreneur, Keith Schembri entered executive in 2013 as leader of group of workers to Muscat. He and Fenech have been buddies since college. Fenech has described their friendship as “fraternal”. Schembri would lunch at his ranch, and their households took vacations in combination.

From January final yr till Fenech’s arrest in November, press studies recommend they exchanged about 800 messages. The 2 even shared an unique WhatsApp staff with the top minister, the prosecution instructed the compilation of proof.

From the outset, Muscat had asked detailed briefings in regards to the homicide investigation. Those have been generally attended via Schembri and supplied via the lead murder detective at the case, Insp Keith Arnaud. The briefings persevered after Fenech become a suspect in 2018, and Schembri has showed all through wondering within the constitutional case that he didn’t at any level claim the friendship or recuse himself.

The briefings have been mistaken, claims the legal professional and nationalist MP Therese Comodini Cachia, who’s appearing for the sufferer’s circle of relatives.

“How may just the police commissioner permit his officials to temporary the top minister in this case? A PM will have to no longer be asking the police: ‘Who’re you suspecting, what proof have you ever amassed to this point, who’s an individual of hobby?’ Even there, why permit those briefings within the presence of his leader of group of workers?”

Muscat stepped down in January, pronouncing Malta wanted a “new bankruptcy”. In an emailed observation, he stated he had requested to be saved knowledgeable since the case was once of “nationwide significance”. He stated many of the briefings have been of a “common nature” and he described the investigation as probably the most skilled ever carried out in Malta, pronouncing he fulfilled his tasks “with out concern, prejudice or favour”.

Alleged leaks and hyperlinks: who is who

Nevertheless, the quantity of knowledge Fenech claims was once being handed to him is outstanding. He knew the date police deliberate to arrest the Degiorgios. He says he was once instructed that his personal telephone was once tapped, and that Theuma’s calls have been additionally being listened to. He says he was once knowledgeable when one of the crucial 3 alleged hitmen presented to testify for the prosecution. He even knew the date deliberate for Theuma’s arrest. And he claims the guidelines got here from Muscat’s maximum senior aide.

“Keith Schembri was once regularly knowledgeable and in some way you’ll be able to say actual time,” Fenech alleged at a listening to for his constitutional problem in December. “The tips was once handed to me via Keith Schembri but it surely got here from Mr Arnaud, and he used to inform me that it got here from Mr Arnaud.”

Fenech additionally claims that whilst he was once on bail, Schembri handed him two typewritten notes, telling him to pin the homicide on any individual else. Copies of the notes had been passed to police.

In overdue November, Schembri resigned and at the similar day was once taken into custody and wondered about allegations he had interfered within the case. He was once launched for free of charge. On the other hand, police have instructed the court docket they’re nonetheless investigating whether or not the previous adviser was once fascinated with leaks or any tried cover-up.

Schembri declined to remark. Puzzled below oath in December, all through Fenech’s criminal problem, he categorically denied sharing confidential knowledge with any individual no longer formally briefed via police. “I by no means leaked anything else in regards to the case,” he instructed the court docket. He denied ever figuring out when police deliberate to arrest Theuma, or that Fenech’s telephone was once tapped, or that he handed any notes to Fenech.

The lion and the mosquito

The new parliament building in Valletta.
The brand new parliament development in Valletta.
: David Levene/The Father or mother

During 2019, global force for an arrest was once development. Europol, which have been serving to with the investigation, was once additionally pushing for motion. Theuma and Fenech have been top suspects for the reason that summer time of 2018, in step with police testimony on the compilation of proof. The tips had progressively leaked and was once now an open secret, identified to newshounds, politicians and the Caruana Galizia circle of relatives.

“We had identified what was once being alleged about Melvin Theuma for months,” says Matthew Caruana Galizia. “And it reached some degree the place I simply sought after to enter the road and spray-paint his title on a wall. Like, I sought after the sector to understand that he was once the intermediary, to only push the police into motion.”

Ultimately, at a gathering with Insp Arnaud, the circle of relatives threatened to move public. Matthew says Arnaud requested for yet one more month.

Theuma has testified how he become satisfied he can be made to take the autumn, or be killed himself. He believed he was once no fit for a multi-millionaire akin to Fenech and his tough buddies. “I used to be placing out with a lion, and I’m a mosquito,” he instructed the court docket. “He is aware of everybody, and I don’t know any individual.”

From Might 2018, Theuma has claimed, he began secretly taping his buddy, the use of a 2nd telephone set to aircraft mode so it could no longer ring. He transferred the audio recordsdata to a few USB drives and concealed them in an outdated ice-cream bathtub, in conjunction with 3 cell phones and a few footage.

Theuma despatched copies to Fenech, making it transparent they might be passed to the police or opposition politicians will have to anything else occur to him. In a notice given to Fenech, he wrote: “I Melvin Theuma am offering this data that I used to be the intermediary within the case relating to Ms Caruana Galizia. I’m relaying this evidence so that you are going to know who employed me and paid for the bomb.”

Regardless of the danger, the 2 males persevered to speak. The prosecution alleges messages exchanged simply prior to Theuma’s arrest recommend they have been one step forward of the police.

In a single textual content, learn out all through the compilation of proof, the businessman is said to have written: “I haven’t controlled to switch the date. If it have been as much as me not anything would occur, no longer now and no longer in a yr’s time …” And later: “Be 100% certain in all places is blank.”

Melvin Theuma being driven in a police car from the courts of justice in Valletta on 4 December 2019.
Melvin Theuma being pushed in a police automotive from the courts of justice in Valletta on four December 2019.
: Vincent Kessler/Reuters

When the police swooped two days early, on 14 November, the taxi motive force was once clutching his ice-cream bathtub. For days it had no longer left his aspect. It was once at the passenger seat when the officials surrounded his spouse’s Toyota. He had grabbed the field prior to stepping out of the car. From then till he arrived within the interrogation room, Theuma had refused to let pass.

His legal professional’s first transfer was once to offer Theuma’s field and its contents to the obligation Justice of the Peace. At 3am, it was once put on a flight to The Hague, and passed over to Europol for safekeeping. Such was once the worry about political interference, the legal professional insisted no proof can be given at the document till a memorandum of working out, providing Theuma a pardon, have been agreed. He sought after it signed via the manager of police, the lawyer common and the top minister himself.

There was once resistance, and on Friday night time prosecutors stated Theuma can be charged with cash laundering the following day. However negotiations persevered. By means of 10pm on Saturday the phrases have been agreed: Theuma was once promised immunity from prosecution.

The top minister took 3 days to offer his approval. Sunday handed, after which Monday, when Muscat was once abroad on respectable trade. Tuesday got here and so they have been nonetheless ready. Ultimately, at 3pm, the top minister signed.

The very subsequent day, within the early hours of the morning, Fenech was once arrested after seeking to go away Malta onboard his yacht.

Fenech says he had no aim of escaping justice and was once taking his boat to Sicily for a typical servicing. “Mr Fenech denies any involvement within the homicide,” his legal professional stated in an emailed observation. He described Theuma’s testimony as “replete with unreliable claims and unexplained contradictions”. He alleged, with out offering proof, that Theuma’s presidential pardon was once corruptly acquired, and stated an excellent trial procedure would “proceed to show the falsity of his allegations”.

“Mr Fenech urges probably the most scrupulous of investigations to spot the perpetrators of this horrible crime,” the e-mail mentioned. “He’s assured that such an investigation will show his innocence.”

A spokesman for the police stated: “Excluding the arrests and arraignments already performed, investigations into the homicide of Ms Caruana Galizia are nonetheless very energetic.”

Below pass exam within the problem introduced via Fenech, Arnaud stated Caruana Galizia’s circle of relatives had praised his paintings, and an inner police investigation into the leaks was once ongoing.

Suicide strive

Police officers near the home of Melvin Theuma, after he was found unconscious in Swieqi.
Cops close to the house of Melvin Theuma, after he was once discovered subconscious in Swieqi.
: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

At the night time of 21 July, Theuma was once discovered bleeding at the ground of his protected area, with stab wounds throughout his frame.

Footage taken that evening and observed via the Father or mother display he had left his supper, a plate of pasta, untouched at the kitchen desk. There have been trails of blood within the bed room however no glaring indicators of fight. Puzzled afterwards, Theuma instructed police the injuries have been self-inflicted: he had supposed to kill himself.

16 October 2016

Assassination of Daphne Caruana Galizia

four December 2017

Brothers George and Alfred Degiorgio, and their buddy Vincent Muscat, are arrested and due to this fact charged with planting and detonating the bomb that killed Caruana Galizia. They deny the fees

April 2017

Vincent Muscat reportedly gives knowledge to police within the hope of acquiring a pardon. He claims Melvin Theuma is the intermediary

Might 2018

Theuma starts secretly taping his conversations with Yorgen Fenech, a businessman now charged with commissioning the homicide

September 2018

Yorgen Fenech was once a suspect within the case via September 2018, in step with testimony via the lead detective

14 November 2019

Theuma is arrested

19 November 2019

Theuma is obtainable a pardon and immunity from prosecution in go back for giving proof towards Fenech

20 November 2019

Fenech is arrested whilst seeking to go away Malta on board his yacht

26 November 2019

Keith Schembri, then leader of group of workers to top minister Joseph Muscat, is arrested and wondered in connection to the case. He’s launched for free of charge tomorrow

30 November 2019

Fenech is charged with complicity to homicide Caruana Galizia. He denies the fees

21 July 2020

Theuma is located critically injured at his house. He tells police he has tried suicide

From his clinic mattress, not able to talk, he was once given paper. He wrote: “They’re guffawing at me.” On any other sheet: “Yorgen disillusioned me,” and: “I want that kids of Daphne forgive me.”

Matthew Caruana Galizia says: “The evening that I heard Melvin Theuma had tried suicide … it was once identical to being hit via a truck.” He feared the case towards Fenech would cave in with out its key witness. “The prosecution was once resting an excessive amount of on Melvin Theuma’s proof. And it nonetheless is.”

Fenech continues to protest his innocence. By means of August, he’s going to be mechanically entitled to bail until there’s sufficient proof to indict him. Theuma will not be robust sufficient to go back to the witness field till after Christmas. His biggest concern is that Fenech’s well-funded criminal group will discover a reason why to have his pardon withdrawn. If that occurs, the taxi motive force might be prosecuted.


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