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Syria conflict: Pompeo 'optimistic' on deal to protect Kurds

A convoy of armoured personnel carriers in Syria's northern city of Manbij. 30 Dec 2018Symbol copyright

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The United States has an estimated 2,000 troops in northern Syria

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says he’s positive an settlement will also be reached with Turkey to give protection to Kurdish warring parties in Syria after the United States leaves.

He was once talking within the United Arab Emirates following a telephone name together with his Turkish counterpart.

US forces in northern Syria have fought along a Kurdish military in opposition to Islamic State (IS) militants.

Turkey, on the other hand, regards the Other folks’s Coverage Gadgets (YPG) as a terrorist staff and has vowed to weigh down it.

Mr Pompeo is traveling the Center East to check out to reassure allies following President Donald Trump’s abrupt announcement ultimate month that US forces would withdraw from Syria.

Chatting with newshounds in Abu Dhabi, Mr Pompeo stated the United States recognised “the Turkish other folks’s proper and [Turkish President Recep Tayyip] Erdogan’s proper to protect their nation from terrorists”.

“We additionally know that the ones combating along us for all this time should be safe as neatly,” he stated.

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Mike Pompeo was once greeted via Abu Dhabi’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan all through his Center East excursion

Mr Pompeo stated he had spoken to Turkish Overseas Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, including: “Many main points (are) nonetheless to be labored out however I am positive that we will succeed in a just right result.”

What has Turkey stated?

Final week, President Erdogan angrily rejected calls via US Nationwide Safety Adviser John Bolton for the Kurdish warring parties to be safe.

He stated such statements have been “unacceptable”.

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President Erdogan has threatened an army attack to defeat the YPG in northern Syria

Mr Erdogan advised MPs from his governing Justice and Building Birthday party that the United States didn’t know who the more than a few Kurdish teams have been, including: “If the United States evaluates them as ‘Kurdish brothers’ then they’re in a major myth.”

Mr Bolton was once on a seek advice from to Ankara to hunt promises over the Kurdish warring parties, however President Erdogan declined to fulfill him.

Turkey considers the YPG an extension of the banned Kurdistan Staff’ Birthday party (PKK), which has fought for Kurdish autonomy in Turkey for 3 a long time. The YPG denies any direct organisational hyperlinks to the PKK.

US seeks united entrance in opposition to Iran

Research via Barbara Plett Usher, BBC Information, Riyadh

This dispute with Turkey over The united states’s Kurdish allies has overshadowed Mr Pompeo’s sweeping Center East travel.

Mr Pompeo actually needs to show the focal point to countering Iran. He’s calling for a united Arab entrance in opposition to what he describes as its destabilising job and Saudi Arabia is essential to that.

However outrage over the Saudi homicide of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi has sophisticated the connection. A senior US legitimate stated the American citizens sought after the Saudis to provide a extra credible rationalization of what came about and do extra to punish the killers, and Mr Pompeo would press them on each issues.

Why is the United States retreating from Syria?

In 2014, militants overran 100,000 squarekm (39,000 squaremiles) of Syria and neighbouring Iraq, and imposed their brutal rule on virtually eight million other folks. Now, they regulate only one% of the territory they as soon as had.

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Media captionIs that this the Islamic State staff’s ultimate stand in Syria?

Alternatively, the defeat of IS is a ways from ultimate. A US defence division file estimated in August that there may well be as many as 14,000 jihadists left in Syria and 17,000 in Iraq.

President Trump because of this stunned allies and confronted robust complaint at house ultimate month when he ordered US forces to in an instant start retreating from the roughly 30% of Syria managed via the YPG-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) alliance.

Mr Bolton later laid out a number of prerequisites for the withdrawal, which advised that the four-month agenda agreed via Mr Trump may slip.

He advised newshounds in Israel that it will be performed in some way that assured IS “is defeated and isn’t ready to restore itself”, and that the United States would “deal with those that have fought with us in opposition to [IS] and different terrorist teams”.

What’s the United States presence in Syria?

About 2,000 US army workforce are reported to be deployed in Syria.

Floor troops first arrived in autumn 2015 when then-President Barack Obama despatched in a small choice of particular forces to coach and advise YPG warring parties.

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Media captionWas once Trump proper to mention IS is overwhelmed?

The United States did this after a number of makes an attempt at coaching and arming Syrian Arab rise up teams to fight IS militants descended into chaos.

Over the intervening years the choice of US troops in Syria has larger, and a community of bases and airfields has been established in an arc around the north-eastern a part of the rustic.

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